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and fascia | Electrical
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wrap | Masonry |
Stucco | >>Siding
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| Foundation parging
Siding is used to cover the exterior walls giving
the home protection from heat, moisture and wind.
Depending on the style and color, It can have a drastically
affect the appearance of the house.
The types and styles of exterior siding are almost
unlimited. Traditionally siding was made almost exclusively
from solid wood. Today siding is made from steel,
plastic, cement, wood composites, and aluminum. With
the scarcity and expense of solid wood lumber, siding
has been made of different materials.
Interlocking siding is the most popular type of siding
used in new construction. It became popular during
the building boom of the 1980's. It comes in many
colors and styles. In most cases it is very durable
and virtually maintenance free. Vinyl siding makers
have created a vast array of vinyl accessories which
allow the siding to be installed quickly. Trim is
available in various sizes and styles. Soffit and
fascia material can be color coordinated with the
Will not rot, flake or dent; painting is never required;
available in many colors and styles; least expensive
siding option; maintenance free except for periodic
Can chip and
crack if struck hard, will fade slightly over time,
will not hide wall imperfections as well as steel,
some don't like plastic image.
Will not rot,
flake, crack or chip; imitates "wood look"
better than vinyl; hides wall imperfections better
than vinyl; no painting required; has a clean rigid
appearance; non-combustible; no maintenance except
for periodic cleaning.
Not as cheap as vinyl;
can dent if hit hard enough; shows scratches more
The same as steel
Dents easily; more expensive than vinyl; costs more
to insure due to risk of hail damage.
There are several categories of wood siding available.
Traditional solid wood sidings makes up a small percentage
of wood siding sold today. Traditional solid wood
siding made of cedar and redwood is expensive, and
high maintenance. That has caused it's dwindling use
in residential construction.
Fiberboard siding is made of compressed wood fibers
and glue. in recent years it has been gaining in popularity.
It comes in 16' long lap boards or in 4' wide panels
that are 8'-10' long. Fiberboard has more of the look
and feel of real wood but not the expense.
Plywood siding is similar to panel siding in the sense
that it is sold in 4' width lengths. Plywood siding
is economical because it provides the structural properties
of structural sheathing (OSB, wafer board and plywood)
and siding in one product. Plywood siding is installed
during the framing process.
Strong; beautiful; timeless; can create any look that
you want; can be installed horizontally, vertically
or diagonally; can be stained or painted.
Expensive; susceptible to rot & insects and animals;
high maintenance; needs to be painted regularly.
Looks like solid wood siding; solid; strong; usually
guaranteed against rot and termites; can be purchased
pre-primed and/or pre-painted.
Higher cost than vinyl siding; high maintenance; needs
to be painted regularly.
T 111 siding is a typical plywood siding.
Installed as part of the framing process; inexpensive;
solid, can be stained or painted.
Limited styles; fairly high maintenance; some feel
that it has a "cheap look".
Fiber-cement siding is made with cellulose fibers
embedded with Portland cement and sand. It has become
more popular in recent years.
Durable, and strong; resists moisture damage; will
not rot crack; withstands termite attack; non combustible;
paints like wood.
Heavy, more expensive than interlocking siding; must
be painted regularly; new material... no performance
Vinyl siding prices are very competitive because of
it's popularity and the ease of installation and low
start-up cost has allowed many contractors to get
into the business.
Check that siding
is straight, flat and level. Vinyl siding will buckle
if not properly nailed. Check that interlocking siding
is nailed according to manufacturers instructions.
Vinyl siding will expand and contract; make sure that
the panel will move freely side-to-side. Listen to
the siding as the sun strikes it early in the morning.
If the vinyl "cracks" and "pops"
it's probable that the siding was nailed too tightly
or left without room for expansion.
Check the trim openings, especially around doors windows.
The trim must overlap so that water run off the trim/siding
and not behind.
Caulking is very important with wood, cement fiber
siding. Check around windows and doors for cracks
and gaps where water can enter.
Siding is installed
after the Brick or stone in the construction schedule.
Siding will not seal out wind or moisture completely
so it is important that house wrap or building felt
is installed prior to the siding.
Vinyl siding is
a real money saver. Some don't like vinyl because
it is plastic. However, vinyl siding has earned a
reputation for value, strength, durability, and for
being maintenance free.